Psychology is the study of experience and behavior, human and animal, normal and abnormal, individual and social. “Psychology” as a science of Soul, as a science of mind, as a science of consciousness and as a science of behavior.
“Educational Psychologists” deals with all the psychological aspects of the educational process. He is specialist in learning and teaching. “Educational Psychologists” have different types. All the “Educational Psychologists” help us in educational fields. They gives good instructions and ideas for the students.
The Historical background of school Psychology is very important in our daily life. Many Psychologists have different views about the school of psychology but their ideas are not too much different with each other. School of Psychology is dividing into different types like Structuralism, Functionalism, Associationism, Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Gestalt and Cognitive Model.
“A life without Emotion would be virtually a life without motion”. “Essentially it is a kind of sensation, which occurs due to the general and organic disturbance”. Emotion is an experience that includes a subjective feeling, a cognitive interpretation, a physical reaction and a behavioral expression”.
To remember means to show in present responses some signs of earlier learned response. The capacity to record, retain and retrieve information is called “Memory”. Memory is the cognitive capacity to encode, store and retrieve information.
Perception is the way in which the world appears to our brain. It is the process of discriminating, observing and grasping the meaning of things. It is the sorting out, interpretation, analysis and integration of stimuli from our sensory organs.
Process of Psychological selectivity is called “Attention”. Attention is concentration of consciousness on some perceived or recalled objects with its simultaneous distraction from other objects. To be conscious of the things and to attend to it means one and the same thing is also called “Attention”.
Motivation is refer to an internal state of the organism which arouses activity and directs the organism’s behavior certain objects or conditions called goals. A motive is internal activity. It is the general term for all process involved in starting directing and maintaining physical and psychological activities
Learning is a process by which behavior originates or is altered through training or practice. Learning process is start from the child birth and it continues our whole life. Learning process is a part of our every stage of life.
“Personality” is also a part of Psychology. Our personality reflects our thinking, behavior, feelings, and emotions and characterizes. Personality also shows our environment and heredity. Personality is a GOD gifted thing. If we want to improve our personality then we can change. But its depend our abilities.
It is very important branch of Psychology. It deals with the description, explanation and modification of changes within individuals across the life span and with differences and similarities in such changes between individuals.
Social Psychology is the study of man as a social animal who interacts frequently, if not continually, with other humans and groups ranging from the family to the society. Man is the animal by his nature. Socialization is a method of acquiring manner, standards, thinking and traditions in the family way from members of the world.
Community Psychology deals with the relations of the individual to communities and the wider society. Community Psychology is a relatively young discipline within psychology that is concerned with how individual relate to society.